History of computing

Daniel Weinreb

On September 7, 2012 died Daniel Weinreb, an American computer scientist and programmer, with significant work in the Lisp (family of computer programming languages) environment. During 1979–1980, Weinreb worked at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on the Amber operating system for the S-1(supercomputer), particularly the file system and the multiprocess scheduler. In 1980, he co-founded Symbolics, developing software for the Symbolics Lisp Machine. He also participated significantly in the design of the Common Lisp programming language.

Jean Veronis

On September 8, 2013 died Jean Veronis, a French linguist, computer scientist and blogger. His research interests included natural language processing, text mining and standardisation. He was a founder of the field that is now called digital humanities. In 2006, his blog was listed among the 15 most influential by Le Monde.

George Robert Stibitz

On September 9, 1940, George Robert Stibitz, an american mathematician, first demonstrated the remote operation of an electrical digital computer. In a demonstration to the American Mathematical Society conference at Dartmouth College in September 1940, He used a modified teletype to send commands to the Complex Number Computer in New York over telegraph lines.

Jack Kilby
On September 12, 1958 Jack Kilby successfully tests the first integrated circuit at Texas Instruments to prove that resistors and capacitors could exist on the same piece of semiconductor material. His circuit consisted of a sliver of germanium with five components linked by wires. Along with Bob Noyce, he is considered the inventor of the integrated circuit (IC).
ENIAC computer

On September 10, 1945 ENIAC computer was first put to work for practical purposes. The programmers of the ENIAC computer in 1944, were six female mathematicians; Marlyn Meltzer, Betty Holberton, Kathleen Antonelli, Ruth Teitelbaum, Jean Bartik, and Frances Spence who were human computers at the Moore School’s computation lab. Adele Goldstine was their teacher and trainer and they were known as the “ENIAC girls.” The women who worked on ENIAC were warned that they would not be promoted into professional ratings which were only for men. Designing the hardware was “men’s work” and programming the software was “women’s work.”Sometimes women were given blueprints and wiring diagrams to figure out how the machine worked and how to program it. They learned how the ENIAC worked by repairing it, sometimes crawling through the computer, and by fixing “bugs” in the machinery. Even though the programmers were supposed to be doing the “soft” work of programming, in reality, they did that and fully understood and worked with the hardware of the ENIAC.

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